Clocks and Watches
A clock is a mechanical or electrical device for measuring time, indicating hours, minutes, and sometimes seconds, typically by hands on a round dial or by displayed figures.
A watch (watches) is a small timepiece worn typically on a strap on one's wrist.
Clock and Watch History
Old Watch: With over 600 years of presence in our lives, clocks can be regarded as one of the oldest devices that were created by our ancestors in the birthplace of modern civilization, Babylon. By giving us the means to track time, build schedules and control the flow of our daily routine, clocks managed to forge the look modern civilization that we are living today.
Historical records of first manmade clocks are dated to the 3500 BC when Ancient Egyptian builders started erecting tall obelisks near their temples and royal residences. These tall stone structures served the purpose of casting a sun shadow on the precisely decorated spirals that were set on the ground (often infused into walkways) where people could easy see the position of the shadow and the current time of the day. Even though initial sundial models were created in Babylon, Egyptian scientists took that invention and advanced its use and precision over the period of over 3 thousand years, during which they discovered winter solstice, summer solstice, separation of daytime into “hours” and much more.
Greatest period of sundial innovation happened in Ancient Greece.
The most complicated water clock was made by famous Chinese inventor Su Sung in 11th century BC.
Creation of first modern mechanical clock is attributed to German locksmith Peter Henlein in 1510.
Quartz crystals are used in majority of world’s clocks, because it can produce pulse that is exactly 1 second long.
Pendulum clock designs can be finds in the works of Leonardo Da Vinci.
The first alarm clock based on water was created by famous Greek philosopher and inventor Plato.
The longest continuous clockmaker in USA is company “Seth Thomas Clocks” which opened its doors in 1813.
Playwright Platus from Ancient Rome complained in one of its plays about sundials that “chop his life into pieces”.
First clocks were created to regulate religious prayers, but standardization of time keeping and clock production came with the arrival of train networks in 18th and 19th century.
Watch History: Devices that Keep track of time were always popular and needed by governments, businesses and religion, but the appearance of small and portable pocket watches and wrist watches changed everything we knew and enabled the creation of the modern society that we are part of today.
Clock History: If you ever wanted to know more about history of the clock, here is the perfect place to do so. Quickly learn detailed information about their history, timelines, and influence they had on our culture.
Clock Facts: Facts surrounding clocks, watches, sundials, inventors and other time measuring devices have gathered in history books over the last several millennia’s. Now, you have the opportunity to read everything about those facts here.
Clocks Inventors: If you ever wanted to learn more about famous clock inventors, here is the perfect place to do so. From ancient times to modern age of industry and science, clock innovators managed to change the way we live our daily lives and function in complex modern societies.
Old Clock: Even though sundials received enormous attention by the Greek and Roman scientists, they remained sparsely used in continental Europe after the fall of Roman Empire. There, they were mostly used by government, commerce and churches. This situation changed with the arrival of Renaissance and expansion of science, manufacture, and commerce with distant Middle Eastern and Asian lands. After new knowledge of mechanical clocks from China and Islamic lands came to Europe, art of mechanical clock making slowly started to spread. By late 14th century various clock designs started appearing across England, France, Italy and Germany, finally culminating in the creation of the first so called “pocket watch” by Peter Henlein. His invention sparked the minds of countless innovators, who eventually managed to upgrade portable clock into device that became cheap, durable and precise.
In addition to mechanical breakthroughs (such as mainspring, balance spring, automatic winding mechanisms) and rise in the production capabilities, use of watches also significantly changed with the tides of fashion. In late 1600s male pocket watches came into popularity, and remained in constant use for almost 250 years, before they were totally replaced by wrist watches who quickly conquered the world after the end of World War I.
Today, modern watches are made in both analogue mechanical form and in digital form and can be found almost everywhere you look in our beautiful world.